Osteoporosis Drug Treatment

Osteoporosis, a disease which weakens bone, is often a terrifying diagnosis. As bones become frailer, they will fracture easily and heal slowly, due to the slow growth of new bone. As the people age, they tend to have difficulty walking and maintaining balance, so falls are not uncommon. For the osteoporotic patient, even a minor fall can be a painful and degenerative occurrence. As the incidence of osteoporosis increases in our growing elderly population, more and more medications are being approved for the treatment and prevention of this relatively hidden disease.

As with all drugs, especially newly approved medications, there are serious things to consider before taking. There are a number of very serious potential side effects which are known to occur in some people taking this drug, but there are also unknown side effects which have yet to be realized, many of which have long-term impacts on one's health, source Trintellix.

One of the most important things to do for osteoporosis is to eat a healthy diet, rich in green vegetables, as they are excellent sources of calcium. Calcium supplements taken with Vitamin D are also recommended, as calcium is necessary to strengthen and build bone and Vitamin D increases the body's absorption of calcium. Regular exercise and trintellix is also important in maintaining strong bones, but individuals with osteoporosis must also be careful not to fall or injure themselves.

There are many drugs on the market which combat osteoporosis in a variety of ways. Calcitonin, for example, is a hormone naturally produced by the body and is also prescribed as Miacalcin as a shot or nasal spray. It helps to slow bone loss by regulating the calcium in the body. Fosamax and Actonel are prescribed to both men and women as aids to increase bone density. Similarly, Raloxifene works to slow down the bone degeneration process, so new bone can be produced.

Because the hormone estrogen in women is critical to bone mass, hormone replacement therapy may be prescribed after menopause. There is concern in this treatment, however. Estrogen replacement therapy increases uterine cancer, so it is prescribed only for women who do not have a uterus. This treatment is typically used only short-term for women who have issues with other medications and have severe osteoporosis. Evista is also a medication also prescribed to women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Individuals who have had a bone fracture, have many risks for breaks, or who have taken medications for osteoporosis which were unsuccessful as treatment may be prescribed ProliaR, a relatively new drug which slows bone thinning and is also given by injection. There is no long-term information about taking ProliaR. Some of the known side effects include: low blood calcium, so a calcium supplement and Vitamin D to help absorption may be prescribed; skin problems like dermatitis, rashes, and eczema are more likely; serious jaw bone problems and thigh bone fractures have occurred in some individuals, back, arm, leg, and muscle pain; high cholesterol. Since ProliaR may negatively impact the immune system, serious infections of the skin, abdomen, bladder, ear, and heart may occur more in people taking the medication, especially in the immune system is already compromised.

Osteoporosis is a devastating disease for millions of people, and there are numerous preventative measures and medications available for its treatment. Finding what works best for a given individual is a challenge, but there is hope for individuals who suffer from bone loss.